The grant to John Hallifax of Kenilworth
shows that the arms were granted to:
(a) Himself and other descendants of his grandfather,
(b) The descendants of the late Robert Hallifax of Mansfield, his distant cousin.
This Robert Hallifax was either the father or the grandfather of the brothers
bishop Samuel Hallifax and Robert Hallifax, one of the Physicians to the Prince
of Wales. In Worsop church, Notts, there is a stained glass panel to commemorate
the enthronement of Samuel Hallifax as bishop; this window was originally in the
Rectory and was moved to the church in the 1960s. It is interesting to see
that the designer used the ancient Hallifax arms impaled with those of the
bishopric of Gloucester. These ancient Hallifax arms were granted to a Robert
Hallyfax of Yorkshire on the 9th of October 1573 by Sir Gilbert Dethick and
do not have the cross crosslets on the pile which are in the new Hallifax arms:
It may be that the bishop had this window made before the new arms were granted in 1788. If that is so, he had no grounds that I can see for borrowing those arms as I have never seen a suggestion that he was descended from the Robert Hallyfax to whom they were granted.
Perhaps he was not the only person who was aware that they had borrowed these old arms. It is referred to in the grant to John Hallifax of Kenilworth which includes "that the Armorial ensigns borne by him and his Ancestors not having been duly recorded to his family and unwilling to continue the use of them without lawful authority".
Why I then wonder was John Hallifax bothering about this? He had no children and the heralds were harldy going to bother about this for a small town chap in Warwickshire. The answer must surely lie in his brother Sir Thomas Hallifax who had served as Lord Mayor of London in 1777 a few years prior to the grant of 1788. Perhaps one or two people had drawn attention to his display of arms and that they were not his. Further he had some children who would inherit any arms that he had. So I wonder if he might not have financed his elder brother in this appeal to the heralds and even joined in his cousin the Physician to keep him quiet.
This mayor had a certain notoriety as this extract shows:
Returning to the bishop, before the grant he was using arms to which he was not entitled and after the grant he should really have replaced that window in the Rectory. I don't believe he would not have known what he was doing.