Oxenbridges of Sussex
By a curious route of someone contacting me and introducing me to an Oxenbridge
researcher, I found out about the articles in the Sussex Archaeological
Collections, a research series that has been going for around 150 years. In
some early volumes were two research articles by William Durrant Comber. A
special journey to the Sussex society's lovely library later and I have copies
of these ancient articles. Here they are plus some other material that is
(Note that some of the files are large.)
Plus three items from other publications:
- Medieval Oxenbridges, from Vol 8, pp. 213 to 233 (2.3 Mbytes)
- Sixteenth century Oxenbridges of Sussex and Boston, MA, vol 12, pp.
203-220 (2 Mbytes)
- Margaret Oxenbridge's will reference, Vol 32, p. 138 (90 Kbytes)
- L F Salzman's article on Chesneys of East Sussex, Vol 65, pp. 47-51 (570 Kbytes)
- L F Salzman's Note on Oxenbridge and Chesney, Vol 66, pp. 236-7 (140 Kbytes)
Interestingly Cooper's research found one earlier generation than those
in the visitation and his research agrees fairly well with the published
visitation. Significant differences are:
- The mother and name of the Oxenbridge wife of Sir Thomas Digby who d.
between 1513 and 1535: Cooper has her as Anna, dau of Anne Blount, and
the Sussex visitation as Dorothy, dau. of Friswid Maningham.
- The name of the Oxenbridge dau. who married Sir Richard Carew is
given by Cooper as Margaret while the Surrey visitation calls her Maud
Mill Stevenson in his "List of Monumental Brasses in Surrey" states,
pp. 36-7, that the current brass for Richard Carew and Malyn is a
restoration but that the surviving text included:
"... whyche Sr Richard decessed the xxiii day of May Anno
dni mn bc xxo ct the said dame Malyn dyed ye ... day of Ano mo bc ...".
This is probably good enough evidence that his wife was Malyn.
Some books state that Malyn Oxenbridge married (1) a William Cheyney and
(2) Richard Carew. However the more plausible story is that she did not
and that a much more complicated set of relationships occurred. The final
solution is in the last paragraph of a note in the above Sussex Arch Colls,
vol 66, pp. 256-7 where it slowly becomes evident that Malyn Oxenbridge
had a sister Margaret who m. (1) William Fincham and had two daughters,
the second born posthumously and named Malyn Fincham.
Margaret Oxenbridge then m. a John Cheyney who already had several children
by his first wife, including his eldest son William. This William then
proceeded to marry Malyn Fincham, the daughter of his, William's, new
step-mother, Margaret Oxenbridge. See also the Cambridge visitation and
Salzman's earlier article on the Cheneys, both available above.
- Sir Goddard Oxenbridge's first wife is named Elizabeth by Cooper and
Anne in the Sussex visitation. And Cooper does not give him a third
wife while the visitation says she was Faythe Devenishe.
Cooper at the end refers to the visitation manuscripts at the College of
Arms as one of his sources. It may just be that the published
visitations which, being early Harleian publications, were NOT from the
College's original manuscripts, are different to the originals. Cooper
also, of course, used wills and other surviving documents of those times.